The opposition disorder is characterized by defiant, negative and hostile behavior of the child towards parents, teachers or any other authority. Specialists argue that she often has a preschool age and is a mild and frequent form of behavioral disorder. The causes are on the one hand genetic, and on the other hand they have their origins in the factors that influence its development.
What are the causes of the opposition disorder?
The specialists were unable to discover the exact causes underlying this disorder. They claim that it is influenced on the one hand by the interaction of biological, social, psychological, developmental and parental style applied, and on the other hand it has a genetic etiology. It seems that a parent raised by parents who are constantly hostile, conflicting or hostile has an increased risk of developing an opposition disorder.
If your baby has ADHD then he has a high chance of presenting oppositional behavior. ADHD seems to be a risk factor for this problem. Specific impulsivity in this disease tends to easily irritate others, and these children often have hostile behavior and are often criticized by others.
How does it manifest and what are the symptoms?
The child who suffers from this disorder is always defiant, negative, naughty and hostile to others, but especially to those who have authority for him. He does not like to respond to certain instructions or receive orders and refuses to put into practice the simplest tasks.
Sometimes he tends to blame others for his mistakes and is easily lost by nature. It can be aggressive or violent with those around you. He is often angry, hostile and is in constant search for revenge. It tends to easily annoy those around, with or without reason.
The child who suffers from the opposition disorder is often characterized as being stubborn, naughty, quarrelsome, greedy, and parents tend to say about him as "he is a foreman," "he is beating," "he is furious," what does he want "etc.
Most children react in some situations and tend to get into trouble. But those who suffer from the opposition disorder are all the time and it is very difficult to get along with them. In addition, experts argue that a child must have at least 4 or more such symptoms for a constant period of at least 6 months to diagnose this disorder.
How is the opposition disorder treated?
The treatment of this disorder is a complex and multidisciplinary one. It involves on the one hand psychological counseling (individual and group) and intense family support, but on the other hand it has a medicinal approach.
The therapeutic behavior prescribed by the doctors depends on the severity of the disorder at the time of diagnosis and how motivated the parents are to intervene and control this situation.
If he is very young, the individual counseling comes out of the question. Only ludotherapy - game therapy - can provide useful information for controlling and treating the disorder.
The most advisable is the family counseling, in which the parents participate in the therapy. They receive important tips on how to behave and discipline the child and help establish effective ways of communication with him.
Drug therapy is recommended in children only if the behavioral disorder is associated with other serious disorders such as THDA (hyperkinetic attention deficit disorder), ADHD and other behavioral disorders or mental retardation. The drugs administered in these cases are part of the sedatives category.
If the disorder is detected and controlled therapeutically from pre-school age, the specialists argue that the prognosis of recovery is very good. However, there are some of them who will manifest these symptoms at school age and who may develop more serious behavioral or behavioral disorders.
Tags Child behavior problems Adhd children Psychotherapy children