Animal bites in babies happen quite often, and the most common are those of dogs. Depending on how serious the wound is, different methods must be taken to prevent infections.
If the wound is minor, ie it is a superficial scratch, carefully wash the area with soap and water. Apply an antibiotic ointment on the affected area twice daily.
Cover the wound with an adhesive bandage if it is in a part of the body that can be easily soiled. If it is in a more remote area, you can leave it exposed to the air.
If the skin is cracked and bleeding, the wound can be dangerous. Apply a clean towel or cloth over the wound and press your fingers on it.
If the pressure does not stop the bleeding within minutes, call 112 to receive emergency care.
Animal bites are all the more dangerous as they are near or in the face because they can open major blood vessels.
Even if the bleeding stops, call your doctor immediately to see if the baby needs the wound to be stitched or needs other medical treatments. Animal wounds are more prone to infections than other types of wounds, so the doctor may prescribe antibiotic treatment.
For any injury, even a very small one, the baby will need a tetanus vaccine if he does not have the daily immunization vaccines. It is also good to keep the wound under observation for the next few days, even if it is superficial and you treat it at home. Take the baby to the doctor if the wound does not heal within 10 days.
The rabies vaccine
Most dogs and cats that have mastered the rabies vaccine so it does not carry the virus that causes the disease. If you know the owners of the animal, ask for the documents proving that the animal was vaccinated. You can even call their vet to be sure.
If you do not know who the owner is you will have to follow the animal to see if it foams at the mouth or behaves strangely. You will probably need to give your baby an anti-rabies vaccine to make sure there are no risks.
In addition to unvaccinated dogs and cats, wild animals can also transmit rabies: raccoons, scabies, foxes, coyotes and bats can carry rabies. If a wild animal has bitten your baby, call your doctor immediately. If there is a risk of rabies, the doctor will make anti-rabies injections.
Another useful thing to know is that the baby can get the rabies virus from bats very easily, even from a very small scratch or bite (which can be so small that it cannot be seen). That is why it is advisable to take the baby to the doctor if he has touched or been bitten by a bat.
As a parent, you can teach the child when he is older, how to avoid animal bites. As a baby, only you can protect it from animals, including your pets.
Never leave your baby alone with your pet or other people's animals. Half of the dog-bitten children were injured by the parents 'or neighbors' pet. Keep in mind that any animal, whether dog or cat, can bite if challenged, and at young ages children tend to torment animals by pulling them by the tail or hair.
Tags Pet pets